State of Forest Resources

Forest and Forestry of Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands is a double chain archipelago in South-West Pacific located between longitude 155° and 170° and latitude 5° to 12° south. It consists of 990 islands with a total land area of 28,000 square kilometers. It is a tropical country with plenty of sunshine and a hot humid climate with high precipitation between 3,000 to 5,500 mm per annum. Temperature fluctuates between 24°C to 34°C, all year round. It has a population of 500,000 with 85 % live in the rural areas.

Solomon Islands has a very rich vegetation cover (tropical rainforest) covering some 80% of the total land area and constitute to about two million hectares of which only 30% is considered to be commercial forests. The largest tracts of commercial natural forests are located in Western, Isabel and Choiseul provinces. Industrial and village plantations are largely confined to Western province.

Forests Resources is important to Solomon Islands. People have depended on the forest for their livelihood and sustenance. Over the past decades, Solomon Island relied heavily on the harvesting of commercial timber trees for export and other forest development activities that resulted in degradation due to unsustainable logging, commercial agriculture and infrastructure development.
During the past 20 years, both the resource owners and SIG rely heavily on Forest resources in a form of royalty for income and round log export for revenue. Today, the harvesting of forest resources is done in a way that deprive the right of our future generation to benefit from it again, experts believed that it is 4 times the rate the forest can grow in a year. Previous Forest Resources inventories indicated that by year 2020 and beyond, most of the commercial native forest of SI will be disappeared or finished. This will affect landowner income as well as government revenue.